About Michael Jongen

Library Services Coordinator, SCIS, Australian Education Services

Comparing Reading on a device and a book

This list of articles was collated by

Dr Barbara CombesLecturer,  School of Information Studies Charles Sturt University Building 05, Boorooma Street Wagga Wagga NSW 2678 Australia in reply to a query on OZTL









Ackerman, R. & Goldsmith, M. (2011) Metacognitive regulation of text learning: On screen versus on paper. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17(1), 18-32


Bailey, J. (2010). You wouldn’t read about it. The Age. Retrieved Sep. 16, 2010 from May 9, 2010 http://www.theage.com.au/national/you-wouldnt-read-about-it-



Birkerts, Sven. (2004). The truth about reading: It’s easy to blame technology for our younger generation’s declining interest in literature. But what, if anything, can be done about it? School Library Journal, 50(3).


Carr, N. (2010). How the internet makes us stupid. The Age. Retrieved Sep. 1, 2010 from  http://www.theage.com.au/technology/technology-news/how-the-internet- makes-us-stupid-20100909-15383.html


Coiro, J. & Dobler, B. Coiro, J., & Dobler, E. (2007). Exploring the online reading comprehension strategies used by sixth-grade skilled readers to search for and locate information on the Internet. Reading Research Quarterly. 42, 214-257. Retrieved Sep. 1, 2010 from  http://www.newliteracies.uconn.edu/pubs.html


Coiro, J., Knobel, M., Lankshear, C., & Leu, D.J. (Eds). (2008). Handbook of research on new literacies. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Retrieved Sep. 1, 2010 from  http://www.newliteracies.uconn.edu/pubs.html


Dixon, E. (2010). The importance of books and reading in early learning. Literacy News. Retrieved May 23, 2010 from http://www.childup.com/blog/The-Importance-of-Books-and-Reading-in-Early-Learning/


Federman, M. (2010). Why Johnny and Janey can’t read, and why Mr. and Ms. Smith can’t teach: The challenge of multiple media literacies in a tumultuous time. Retrieved Sep 1, 2010 from http://individual.utoronto.ca/markfederman/WhyJohnnyandJaneyCantRead.pdf


Jabr, F. (2013). The reading brain in the digital age: The science of paper versus screens. Scientific American. Retrieved June 3, 2013 from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=reading-paper-screens


Liu, Z. (2005). Reading behavior in the digital environment: Changes in reading behavior over the past 10 years. Journal of Documentation, 61(6), 700-712


Mangen, A.; Walgermo, B.R.; Bronnick, K. (2013). Reading linear texts on paper versus computer screen: Effects on reading comprehension. International Journal of Educational Research, 58, 61-68.


Paul, A.M. (2011). ‘Digital literacy’ will never replace the traditional kind. Time Magazine. Retrieved March 19, 2014 from http://ideas.time.com/2011/10/26/why- digital-literacy-will-never-replace-the-traditional-kind/


Szalavitz, M. (2012). Do e-books make it harder to remember what you just read? Time. Retrieved March 8, 2014 from http://healthland.time.com/2012/03/14/do-e-books-impair-memory/


Wolf, M. (2009). Beyond decoding words. Does the brain like e-books? New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2010 from http://roomfordebate.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/10/14/does-the-brain-like-e-book

A post from BB on copyright

This was posted by Barbara Braxton on OZTL_net 14 August and contains useful information about copying digital materials


1. There is a list of what is protected at http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/copyright-guidelines/copyright—a-general-overview/1-3-what-is-protected-(types-of-works)

2. Under Educational Licence B, the Hard Copy Scheme allows the copying and communication of a reasonable portion of hard copy text works (eg books and printed journals). In this instance, communication is defined as “Communicate means making copyright material available online or electronically transmitting copyright material. ‘Making available’ can include putting material on the internet or intranet. ‘Electronic transmission’ includes emailing, streaming or electronic reticulation.” But the kicker is “reasonable portion” which is defined as “in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work in hard copy, 10% of the pages of the work or if the work is divided into chapters, up to one chapter”.
3. Scanning or photocopying a larger part of a text work by a student or teacher to assist his or her research or preparation of an educational course can still be a fair dealing for the purposes of research and study. However, the teacher/student must assess whether copying more than a reasonable portion would be fair. For example, it is probably fair to copy the whole of a book for research or study if the book is out of print so the school/TAFE can’t buy it.

4. While there may be flexible dealing exceptions, this will not often apply and the following have to be assessed…
◦the proposed use is narrow in scope
◦whether it would conflict with a normal way the copyright owner exploits the material and ◦whether the use would unreasonably harm the copyright owner http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/copyright-guidelines/what-can-i-copy-communicate-/2-1-text-works

5. Changing a print work to a digitised one may be considered format shifting and the rules regarding that are at http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/information-sheets/schools/format-shifting I have written to the NCU for clarification. I will share the response.

6. This is what I found about audio books on Smartcopying http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/information-sheets/schools/using-itunes-in-schools/using-itunes-in-schools/using-itunes-in-schools

Copying audio books on the iPods for loan in the school library

Trish is the librarian at Heathcoat High School. She would like to start making audio books available for loan to students on iPods. Trish has found 4 audio books from iTunes that she would like to purchase and loan to students on the library’s 20 iPods.

Can Trish copy the audio books straight from her iTunes account onto each iPod or must she purchase a copy of each audio book for each iPod?
Trish must purchase an audio book for each individual iPod. This is because s 200AB will only apply to where the copy is made for educational instruction and removed from the iPod as soon as practicable after it has been used for educational instruction. In this case, the audio books will be made available to students on a permanent basis throughout the year. Trish will need to purchase 20 copies of each audio book to download on to each iPod. The individual iPods can then be loaned out to different students in the school as required.

The 21st century library

Demonstration of the value of the school library to principals and school councils is essential as Schools look at resourcing the Australian Curriculum including phase one learning areas, the general capabilities and the Australian curriculum cross curriculum priority areas.In the 21st century school libraries need to consider their spaces, the role of the teacher librarian and the move to digital content and access in the age of BYOD (Bring your own device)


‘What do teacher librarians teach’ by Joyce Valenza and Gwyneth Jones  is an excellent infographic to highlight the  multifaceted role of teacher librarians. Evaluating resources is an important focus for teacher librarians, as is digital citizenship and educating students about  plagiarism.  Increasingly teacher librarians are working with classroom teachers, to develop student’s capacity to identify and ask good questions and to improve study and research skills.


Modern school library design will look more to buildings such as Trinity Grammar’s Tudor Centre and its contemporary approach to library design which brings together library, curriculum and technology staff.


In the age of BYOD students are not necessarily accessing the same information at the same time. For students and staff 24/7 access to resources is important, as is providing resources in a variety of formats: print, e-book, DVD, audiobooks and digital video library. Identification of suitable apps for teacher resources and for use by students is  featuring increasingly.  While we may be seeing a drop in the use of our non fiction print collections this may not be a matter of student preference.  Content and relevancy are important regardless of format.


The school library catalogue is in most schools the only place where users can search for school-owned/licensed resources all in one place. School library catalogues provide access to learning resources for the school community.  While students and teachers can use a search engine to find millions of online resources, this search will return everything online EXCEPT the very resources that your school or system has actually selected and paid for.


The student or staff member seeking books, information and learning resources expects to do one search and for that search to return all relevant material available to them, regardless of its format or its location.  Single point of search assumes an integrated set of search results, which requires integrated metadata.


We therefore need to look at 21st Century next generation library systems which will need to meet expectations that it can manage digital rights management, a seamless secure single sign-on and federated searching across a variety of multiple resources, databases and collections.  Next generations systems will need the ability to connect with  a variety of devices and increasingly to apply a personalised service similar to the Amazon or Google experience.


This is why making digital content discoverable through school library catalogues is a priority.

For a long time a priority for library staff has been to organise the physical library space in ways that are attractive, encourages users to visit, to explore and make it easy for them to find what they need, assist browsing for inspiration. We work to make location and lending of resources as seamless and self-service as possible.

We now have additional responsibilities. As well as serving our users who are visitors, browsers and borrowers of physical items in a physical library space, we now also serve our library users accessing and downloading resources in virtual spaces.


Review: The secret maker of the world – stories by Abbas El-Zein

Latest Review

The secret maker of the world – stories by Abbas El-Zein

cover imageUQP, 2014. ISBN 9780702250071.
(Age: Yr 11-Yr 12, Adult) Recommended. I resisted this collection of adult short stories at first and then I read several stories in rapid succession. I found the stories elegant but did not feel engaged. The stories while diverse featured a similar theme a man who unknowingly awaits his fate and whose self absorption has stood in his way of perceiving the truths around him. I found the stories to be packed with beautiful lines but at times wished the writer had ‘killed his darlings’ more often.
However the memory of the stories linger and play with my mind and two in particular have subsequently gripped my imagination. Red carpet is the story of a corrupt politician, as he waits in his office for his aide, mulling over his rise and rise, and preparing for the speech that will define his success. He is unaware that in the ten minute walk to deliver his speech his life will unravel. The killer blow lays in the last line.
Birds eye tells the story of the wise scholar who is oblivious to the undercurrents around him and who procrastinates and makes increasingly foolish choices as the medieval city Merv is about to be conquered and sacked. In a preface it is explained that this story is based on historical events and figures.
There is a vivid imagination and the stories leap across time, cultures and continents. I feel it will enhance any collections of short stories gathered for Years 11 and 12.

Importing Authority files into Oliver

In Management>Import, select the MARC Radio button.

From then on, see the attached screenshot for the settings

Selecting “MARC-21 Authority’ in the ‘MARC format’ field is crucial.

It is important to select ‘Load subjects’ otherwise the subject authorities won’t be loaded (which is really the point of having a subject authority).

As for the ‘Existing Records’ options. For authorities we want to replace what was there with the new SCIS authorities, so we select “Replace existing resources”.

The last time we loaded the reference only file (RSAF-marc.dat) it took 2.5 hours to process we therefore recommend that this is an overnight housekeeping task


2014 the year of…

Each year the United Nations (UN) allocates an entire calendar year to focus on particular topics or themes. Many countries actively participate in promoting these years.

Here is a list of some of the titles on Crystals from the SCIS catalogue.  Useful call numbers are 548 Crystallography and 549 Mineralogy. Find out more about Crystals through these sources

A search on the SCIS database for Family Farming Australia returns the following titles Family Farming Australia

You can find resources  for International Year of Family Farming from Global Dimension here

In 2014, Red Cross will celebrate 100 years of people helping people in Australia with  Centenary 2014: (SCIS no. 995944 )

In 2014 we also welcome in the Chinese Zodiac Year of the Horse.

The European Brain Council has pledged to make 2014 the European Year of the Brain.

Scotland  declared 2013 the Year of Natural Scotland (SCIS no. 1592797) but this year is Homecoming Scotland 2014

Celebrate the Australian Year 2014.  Vivian Harris has compiled a monthly guide to celebrations and birthdays for 2014

Radiant Orchid is the Pantone Colour of the year

 "pantone radiant orchid" by homestilo   Creative Commons Attribution License
“pantone radiant orchid” by homestilo
Creative Commons Attribution License

Reconciliation week

Here is a post from Linda Hathaway to OZTL on Reconciliation week


It’s National Reconciliation Week – a time for all Australians to learn about our shared histories, cultures and achievements and to contribute to building a reconciled Australia. It is held between two significant milestones in Australia’s history, May 27 (1967 Referendum) and June 3 (Mabo Day). Reconciliation involves building positive, respectful relationships between the broader Australian community and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples for the benefit of all Australians. http://www.reconciliation.org.au/


Information and key dates in Reconciliation:



Latest news:


*         Noel Pearson’s argument in favour of constitutional change, recognition of indigenous peoples and the removal of racial discrimination from the Constitution.


*         Maiden speech of Senator Nova Peris – first Aboriginal woman in the Australian Parliament.


*         Reconciliation messages – including Australian of the Year Adam Goodes, Meshel Laurie, Troy Cassar-Daley & Fred Chaney.



Resources and fact sheets: http://www.reconciliation.org.au/category/resource/


Video -Reconciliation is for all of us  (2:5 min.): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYu2Q09zoXM&feature=youtu.be


Sing Loud! song competition

Learn and perform one of the 3 reconciliation songs in the playlist below – or perform your own original reconciliation song. Upload your performance to the Sing!Loud website. $1000 prize each for the best original song and best cover song – judged by Delta Goodrem and Gurrumul. Competition closes 8 June.

Details and videos of songs already submitted: http://www.reconciliation.org.au/nrw/category/sing-loud/

Delta, Gurrumul & the Sydney Symphony Orchestra perform Bayini on The Voice 2013….beautiful: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oi6zbPjtO6I


Recognise (part of Reconciliation Australia) The people’s movement to recognise Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander peoples in our Constitution – “We want to see fairness and respect at the heart of our Constitution, and to remove discrimination from it. Our goal is a more united nation. This is a chance for Australia to acknowledge the first chapter of our national story, and to forge our future together – after so many chapters apart.”


School Learning Guide (Years 10-12) – Recognising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Constitution: http://www.recognise.org.au/uploads/custom/08ae158740e5ed91d082.pdf


Share our pride (part of Reconciliation Aust.) Information about the First Australians; Culture; Shared history; Beyond the myths; Respectful relationships; Famous indigenous Australians; Books; Films.



NAIDOC Week 6 – 13 July: Serving country – centenary and beyond The theme honours all ATSI men and women who have fought in defence of country – from the warriors in the Frontier Wars to those who have served in Australia’s military engagements around the world.


Christopher Pyne on Educational funding for Universities

and other news of the day


Christopher Pyne’s education gaffe draws fire from Opposition, Greens

The Federal Opposition and Greens have leapt on a mistake by the Education Minister as proof the Government does not understand its own budget and it does not deserve support.





Education Minister Christopher Pyne gets in a muddle over student loans

Education Minister Christopher Pyne has confused the debate about proposed increases to university fees by appearing to contradict the government’s own website over who will be affected by the budget changes.







Competition to force down uni fees: Christopher Pyne (pay pass article attached)

EDUCATION Minister Christopher Pyne has rejected claims the government’s proposed deregulation of university funding will drive up course costs for students.





Christopher Pyne’s pledge sparks fears public schools will be ignored

Schools in Sydney’s west and regional NSW lose the most from the decision not to fund the last two years of the Gonski agreement.





First iPads, next Google Glass for schools

Since the Apple iPad was released in 2010, the ACT Education and Training Directorate has spent $2.5 million on the tablet computers.







Higher education changes: another hit for Australian women?

In a recent radio interview, federal Education Minister Christopher Pyne refused to contemplate a hypothetical situation that involved young women doing all the heavy lifting under his government’s plans to transform higher education in Australia into a demand-driven market.




A strong case for more direct instruction in class (pay pass article attached)

AS well as being an effective Aboriginal leader, Noel Pearson has a strong academic record, with degrees in law and history (honours) from Sydney University.





Coalition Government and headspace launch SAFEMinds in schools

Victorian school students will receive more mental health support thanks to SAFEMinds, a $750,000 program launched today by Minister for Education Martin Dixon in partnership with headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation.





Rise in home schooling spurs parliamentary inquiry

Up to three times as many children are home schooled in NSW than the state government knows about, prompting the state’s first parliamentary inquiry into why parents abandon the education system.




Growth in home schooling must be fairly accommodated

New figures from the NSW Board of Studies show a 40 per cent increase in home schooling in the past four years. In 2012-13, 3194 students were home schooled. And this number may be conservative.  The Home Education Association estimates as many as 6000 more students are home schooled but not registered with the board.




Stay Smart Online

Internet bullying and online security will be in the spotlight at Territory schools during Stay Smart Online Week.





Literacy, numeracy and the big transition

The Productivity Commission’s working paper on literacy and numeracy is another reminder of the risks inherent in the Abbott government’s plans to outsource part of its fiscal consolidation to the states.



National Science week from Lindy Hathaway

National Science Week is on 10 – 18 August – an annual celebration of science in Australia.


Maybe it’s time to enter the national Sci-ku poetry competition with a short 3 line Haiku-style poem about science – this year with a statistics or mathematics theme: http://riaus.org.au/events/sciku/ We are having a Sci-ku writing competition for Science Week and Book Week at our college – after all Book Week has the universe theme! We are going to be flexible with syllables (usually 5,7,5).

Sci-ku examples: http://blog.mbl.edu/?p=1953


African clawed frogs

have flown on the space shuttle.

That’s one giant leap.

(Greg Early)


Some know the time by

looking at the sun. I can’t

make out the numbers

(A. Shalizi)


Good sites for science news:

Science Daily: Extensive science news http://www.sciencedaily.com/

Scirus: Use this science-specific search engine for science news, information, journal articles etc http://info.scirus.com/

CSIRO: Includes news, blogs, CSIROpedia http://www.csiro.au/en.aspx ABC Science: News, TV and radio programs http://www.abc.net.au/science/ Royal Institution of Australia: A national science hub bringing science to the people  http://riaus.org.au/ Science Direct: Full text database of journal articles and book chapters http://www.sciencedirect.com/ Science, physics, technology: http://phys.org/ Science news and blogs: http://scienceblogs.com/

LiveScience: Science articles and news http://www.livescience.com/ Australian Popular Science: http://www.popsci.com.au/ How stuff works: http://www.howstuffworks.com/


eBizMBA: This site has rankings for many subject areas, based on Alexa Global Traffic Rank + other ranking tools. Intriguing! Find the most popular music sites, gadget sites, health sites, reference sites, most popular blogs etc  http://www.ebizmba.com/

15 most popular science websites for Aug. 2013: http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/science-websites


Since it’s also the International Year of Statistics, here are some interesting sites with info about world stats that would be useful for social science classes.  And without statistics, we would have to search the internet one page at a time! http://www.statistics2013.org/


Gapminder: for a fact-based world view

Stats, graphs, videos. Gapminder World shows the world’s most important trends.


Search for many indicators on the Data page eg. poverty, marriage, democracy, drought, working hours etc  Then visualise them in Gapminder World: http://www.gapminder.org/data/



Real time world stats – population, economics, environment, society and media, food, energy etc.  Great site!




Compares national statistics in graphical formats, using data from sources such as CIA World Factbook, UN, WHO, UNESCO, OECD etc Some of the data may be a bit dated but could be used as a starting point for more research.



IDB: International Database World Statistics Choose countries and various demographic reports. Compare figures from past years and into the future.



World stats in many categories: A great list of sites.



State of the climate in 2012

The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released their report on 6 August – an annual “checking on the pulse of the planet”.


The full report: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/bams-state-of-the-climate/2012.php


Happy Science Week!

Lindy Hathaway

Dickson College, ACT